Keeping upholstery fabric clean and bright can be accomplished via a number of methods. There’s the practice of keeping furniture covered in plastic or refusing to let children, pets, food, or drink anywhere near it. Regardless of whether you’re trying to maintain the original grandeur and functionality of indoor or outdoor furniture, however, these approaches usually get in the way of living life itself, and, even if there are no spills or accidents, cleaning across the lifetime of a piece of upholstered furniture will still be necessary.
At Trican, we approach the problem of cleaning and maintaining upholstery fabric a little differently. In addition to selling high-performance and long-lasting fabrics that retain their color and appearance for years, we also encourage upholsters and end users to adhere to the following instructions for how to clean their upholstery fabric. Almost all spills and accidents can be handled in a DIY fashion that, most of the time, require neither specialized cleaning products nor professional cleaning services. Whether you’re dealing with wine in the living room, marinara sauce in the dining room, or pet stains on the new patio furniture, we have an approach and a solution that will likely work for you.
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- Always follow the manufacturer's instructions. Without a doubt, the most important rule of cleaning upholstery fabric is to always follow the manufacturer's instructions. Some fabrics are very specific about what products can and can't be used on them. Others take a more general approach. Either way, know what you're working with and what the maker recommends.
- Clean spills immediately. Preventing a spill, stain, or accident from happening is the easiest way to keep your upholstery clean, but in lieu of that, make sure you go to work immediately to remediate it.
- Use a clean cloth (or paper towel). The cloth should also be color-fast. In most cases, a white cloth is best.
- Start with the least harmful method first. There are a lot of cleaning products on the market that can assist in cleaning and maintaining upholstery. Still, if a bit of water and elbow grease can take out a smudge or stain, it's going to be best for your wallet and your fabric to go the simplest route first.
- Retest the fabric in an inconspicuous area. Even if you're using just dish soap, baking soda, or water, be sure to test the solution on the fabric in question somewhere that, in the event that the solution causes discoloration or some other ill effect, it won't be seen.
As has already been stated, the most important consideration when it comes to cleaning different upholstery fabrics relates to the manufacturer's instruction. To that end, here are some manufacturers' cleaning recommendations.
- Using a vacuum upholstery attachment or a brush, remove all dust and dirt from the fabric surface, taking care to get into any crevices or nooks.
- Prepare a cleaning solution by putting 1 tablespoon dishwashing liquid and 2 tablespoons of household bleach into 1 gallon of clean water.
- Using a clean sponge or cloth dipped in the cleaning solution, clean the fabric, taking extra care to spot clean any area that is noticeably dirty.
- Once you've cleaned the fabric with the cleaning solution, rinse it thoroughly with clean water.
- Let the fabric air dry.
- Avoid having any oils, solvents, or petroleum-based products come into contact with the upholstery fabric, if possible. Should any direct contact occur, be sure to clean the area promptly.
Phifertex is a leading high-performance fabric. Made from vinyl-coated polyester, all Phifertex fabrics are infused with Microban®, a proprietary antimicrobial protection, that assists in keeping fabric clean and long-lasting by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, mildew, and mold. Here are cleaning instructions for Phifertex fabrics:
Sunbrella upholstery fabrics are high-performance fabrics that are unique among upholstery performance fabrics in that they are made from 100% solution-dyed acrylic that is then spun into yarn, which means the color is not a coating. It goes all the way through the fabric. Sunbrella fabrics are UV resistant, fade resistant, water repellant, and remarkably easy to clean.
To clean Sunbrella upholstery fabrics:
For spot cleaning, mix a mild soap with some water and apply it to the spot with a spray bottle. Dab or scrub the sprayed area lightly with a clean, soft sponge or cloth. Rinse with clean water to remove soap residue and allow to air dry. Repeat until the spill or mess has been removed.
For stubborn spots or stains, add some household bleach to the spot cleaning solution of water and mild soap. Apply a light mist of the soap and bleach solution to the stain and scrub the area with a clean sponge or cloth. Use cold water to rinse thoroughly so that all of the bleach and soap cleaning solution is off the fabric. Repeat until the stain is gone. Once the stain is gone, let the fabric air dry.
A few important notes: While Sunbrella offers some of the best protection against stains among commercial upholstery fabrics, complete removal of stains and spills isn't guaranteed if spills and other messes are allowed to build up and are therefore not addressed immediately. Also, it's important to avoid scrubbing too hard at stains or spills on Sunbrella fabrics. Never use hard bristle brushes or other abrasive cleaning tools against the fabric. Be cautious when using the bleach and soap solution, as it can have negative effects on the environment and can also discolor fabrics and surfaces around the Sunbrella fabric.
Here are specific care and cleaning instructions for Sunbella Sling.
While no spill or stain is welcome, some in particular strike fear in the hearts of fabric furniture owners. Here are some of the more common, tough to beat stains, and how to best tackle them. (Just remember, when it comes to following this advice, never, ever go against the manufacturer's instructions, and always be sure to test your cleaning agent and method out on an area of your fabric that isn't easily seen.)
- Blot the stain with boiling water. While you should never apply dry heat to a red wine stain or spill, boiling water assists in causing the red wine molecules to lose cohesion with the upholstery, which may be enough to blot it clean.
- Pour milk on it. Really. Let the milk sit for 3 to 4 minutes, then blot the milk up with a clean, dry cloth or sponge.
- Use white vinegar and club soda. Club soda is a cherished tool in fine dining settings when a guest spills red wine on a white lapel, but a little white vinegar thrown in the mix can often do wonders on upholstery. Again, apply the solution, then blot clean with a clean cloth or sponge.
- Use a combination of hydrogen peroxide and dishwashing liquid. This combo is remarkable at breaking up stains. Apply the solution, wait 20 minutes to an hour and then blot the red wine stain away.
To remove a red wine stain from upholstery, it's helpful to act quickly. Do not scrub the spot at all. Instead, add a dry and powdery substance to the spill. Options you're likely to have on hand include: baking soda, table salt, talcum powder, and cat litter. Allow the dry substance to completely soak up the wine. Then blot it up into a clean towel or microfiber cloth.
If you acted quickly enough, this method may be all you need. However, if the red wine soaked into the fabric at all, you have a number of other options to try out:
- White vinegar and baking soda. After blotting up any liquid and/or removing any mess, apply a liberal amount of white vinegar to the affected area, followed by a generous sprinkling of baking soda. Leave for a day or two, then vacuum the powder up.
- Water and dishwashing liquid. Mix 2 cups of water to 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of dishwashing liquid and apply to the affected area with a spray bottle. Allow it to sit for a few hours before blotting it with a clean, wet towel or cloth. Repeat until the stain and odor are gone.
As with all spills and messes, cleaning a pet's mess is easier if you act immediately. Regardless of when you get to it, however, these are your best bets to get your upholstery clean again.
Once again, immediate attention is your best bet to ensure a tomato sauce spill doesn’t result in an unsightly stain. First, blot the spill up with clean paper towels, taking care not to rub the sauce into the upholstery. Using cold water, douse the affected area with a spray bottle and let it soak in for one minute. Blot the affected area again with fresh paper towels. Make a solution of 2 cups of clean water and 1 tablespoon of bleach-free dishwashing soap. Dampen a clean cloth with the dishwashing soap solution and blot at the stain until it disappears. Once the affected area is tomato sauce-free, wet another cloth with cold, clean water and blot the affected area to remove the dishwashing soap and water solution. Using a dry, clean towel, blot the wet area and allow it to air dry.
If the above method isn’t effective, try the combination of hydrogen peroxide and dishwashing liquid that is listed in the red wine section above.
Without a doubt, the easiest way to keep upholstery fabric clean is to craft furniture with fabric that resists stains, mildew, mold, bacteria, and fading. Find out more about Trican’s array of high-performance upholstery fabric today.
The purpose of this guide is to give fabricators some general guidelines and product information.
This guide should not be considered as the sole source of information on cleaning upholstery fabric. This guide is strictly informational.